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10 Best Programming Languages to learn in 2020

“In the coming future, all of us need to know some computer programming. It would be normal as the way today we learn to write and speak our native language from birth!”

“Coding can enhance your teamwork and leadership skills with added cognitive benefits!”

“It is not so difficult to switch from one programming language to another if you are good at writing codes in any one of them!”

“A Day will come for sure when we will be living in a technology-rich world with smart devices everywhere around us who are working on some coding!”

“The demand for Computer programmers is increasing day by day even into areas other than the technology.”

What is a Programming Language?

If we try to get it in simple terms, it is a computer language used to create a set of commands or modules or a computer program. They can work together to perform a big job! Mostly it is the solution to any problem! A straightforward example of a computer program is a Calculator program! It performs many functions like addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, percentage, and more! So a single computer program that can be executed to take required inputs from its users. The next task is to process it within a second and display its output back to the computer screen!

What are the Leading Causes of the Popularity of Computer Programming?

Many people are there who could compare the job of computer programming with rocket science. It might be because they are from other educational backgrounds than Mathematics. However, in reality, it is not the same case. We can estimate how easy it is to learn and practice computer programming with a simple real-life example! Years before, people who have passed their higher studies only can learn and practice any programming language. So it is a part of the syllabus in our professional courses.

However, in 2020 the same thing is included in the syllabus of high school students as well. So now you can imagine if a teenager can learn computer programming, then why not adults at any age!

Another benefit of computer programming is its wide acceptance worldwide. It is due to the ease of work that the users will experience after its application. For example, we can see in Retail stores that they have software running on their systems.

These programs can detect the bar code of a product and generate a bill in a few seconds. So it is not only a time-saver for its users but also help them to enhance their efficiency of work!

There are still many more stuff to discuss computer programs. But, let us get back to our main topic of focus. It is to choose the right programming language to build good software programming and development skills. It also helps in enhancing the chances of pursuing a reputable career with a handsome salary!

Are you interested to learn a coding language and become a programmer or software developer?

Are you confused about what would be the best choice for you to start and try your luck?

It is obvious for newbies since today there are more than 700 programming languages available in the world. But, it does not mean you need to learn each of them. After all, there are only a few programming languages that are standard in practice to make software. By the way, each is having its advantages and applications!

So first of all, if you want to become a programmer, then you should have the following essential skills;

  • Good in Calculation or Mathematics.
  • Strategic Mind.
  • Problem-Solving Skills.
  • Ability to Learn and Practice the new coding language.
  • Determination to advance your knowledge and skills.

Do you have all such capabilities and a keen interest in learning a new coding language? If yes, then you have the right potential to succeed in the programming career. By the way, the next thing that you need to look for is, ‘which coding language is the best to start enriching the skills’!

What are the Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020?

1) C/C++

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What is C/C++?

C/C++ is a primary programming language that can help you develop an application. C is based on writing instructions as procedures. On the other hand, C++ includes object-oriented programming with a procedural approach.

So if we compare both, then C++ is more efficient and easy to use for a programmer. It is due to its facility to create objects within code and be reused without writing the same code again!

What is C/C++ used for?

C is used for many enterprise-related applications. It includes graphics, games, and calculation purposes. It is also useful to develop databases, embedded systems, and operating systems. Similarly, C++ is also helpful to write programs for different applications. Such as scanners, OS, compilers, Media Player, Databased software, Web Browser, Animation, Games, and more!

How long will it take to learn C/C++?

It all depends on the time that you spent on the learning and practicing using its Syntax. By the way, on average, it will take around 1-2 months if you daily spend 3-5 hours a day on learning these general-purpose programming languages.

C/C++ Programmer Salary

A C/C++ programmer can make near to $80 annually average as per the US figures!

C/C++ IDEs

Following is a list of some IDE’s helpful to make your coding fun learning:

  • MinGW for MS Windows.
  • Dev-C++ for Windows OS.
  • CodeWarrior for Linux and Windows.
  • CodeLite for OS X, Linux, and Windows.
  • CodeBlocks for Windows, Mac, and Linux.
  • Atom for Linux, Windows, and OS X.
  • Sublime Text for Linux, Windows, and Mac.
  • NetBeans for Solaris, Mac OS X, Linux, and Windows.
  • Eclipse for Mac OS, Linux, and Windows.
  • Visual Studio Code for Mac OS, Linux, and Microsoft Windows.

2) Rust

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What is Rust?

Rust is almost the same as C++ since it uses the same syntax but does not include garbage collection for memory safety. It is based on multi-paradigm programming that focuses on safety and performance, such as safe concurrency.

What is Rust used for?

Rust is used for the development of many software applications. It includes VR simulation engines, browser components, file systems, OSs, and game engines.

How long does it take to learn Rust?

It depends on person to person. It will generally take a few weeks, sometimes above a month, to learn its intricacies.

Rust Programmer Salary

It has been researched that an employee's average salary with a Rust skillset is about $99k.

Rust IDEs

You can use the following Editors for programming using Rust language:

  • GEANY for macOS, Windows, and Linux.
  • Visual studio code for Windows, Linux, and macOS
  • Atom Editor for MS Windows, Linux, and macOS.
  • IntelliJ rust on Windows Subsystem for Linux user
  • Spacemacs for Linux, macOS, and Windows
  • Neovim for all but Linux and macOS is preferred.
  • Sublime text 3 for Linux, OS X, and Windows.
  • Eclipse RustDT for Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows.

3) Java

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What is Java?

Java is also an object-oriented, class-based programming language with fewer implementation dependencies. It is a highly used, powerful programming language in the world.

What is Java used for?

Java is used to build mobile and desktop apps, embedded systems, big data processing, and many more!

How long will it take to learn Java?

You can directly learn Java without the knowledge of any other programming language. In this case, it will take some months or probably a year to master it! Otherwise, if you are a good learner and dedicate your enough time, then you can also achieve this in a few weeks!

Java Programmer Salary

The salary depends on the skill set pf the worker and the location of the job. However, it has been noted that the average annual wage lies in a range of $69k to $97k.

Java IDEs

You can use the following tools to write the Java codes and practice more with ease:

  • JDeveloper for Mac OS, Linux, and Windows.
  • jGRASP for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, UNIX, and Linux.
  • BlueJ for Ubuntu, Mac OS X, Windows, and more.
  • Android Studio for Windows.
  • Eclipse for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • DrJava for Linux, Mac OS, and Windows.
  • JSource for Mac OS X, Ubuntu, Linux, and Windows.
  • jEdit for Mac OS X, Windows, VMS, and Unix.
  • IntelliJ IDEA Community Edition for Linux, macOS, and Windows.
  • NetBeans for Mac OS X, Solaris, Ubuntu, and Windows.

4) Kotlin

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What is Kotlin?

Kotlin is a statically typed, cross-platform, mostly used programming language with type inference. It is open-source and interoperable with JAVA. Recently Google has announced Kotlin as its preferred language to develop Android apps.

What is Kotlin used for?

Kotlin is used for different application development needs. It comprises but is not limited to Android, client-side, or server-side web.

How long does it take to learn Kotlin?

If you are learning the Kotlin for the first time, it will demand some of your weeks, depending on your dedication to practice it. However, a java developer will hardly need a few days to get the same thing done.

Kotlin Programmer Salary

The average annual salary ranges in between $113k to $127k as per study reports.

Kotlin IDEs

  • Sublime Text for Linux, Mac, and Windows.
  • IntelliJ IDEA for Linux, macOS, and Windows.
  • Android Studio for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • Vim for UNIX, Haiku, Windows, VMS, macOS, and other UNIX versions.
  • TryKotlin for almost all Operating Systems.

5) C#

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What is C#?

C# is a functional, lexically scope, multi-paradigm, and declarative general-purpose programming language. It is among the programming languages that ate made for CLI or Common Language Infrastructure.

What is C# used for?

C# is used for most of the application development related to Microsoft. It is also used for developing web services, web applications, desktop apps, and games in Unity.

How long will it take to learn C#?

If you are already well versed in object-oriented programming, it will take a few months to learn both Unity and C#. In other cases, you need to be more dedicated to learning the language from the very basic in about a quarter. Otherwise, it will take even more time, especially for advancing the skills!

C# Programmer Salary

As per an average median of Job sites, a C# Software Engineer at senior level earns about $132k, and a C# web developer gains about $78 annually!

C# IDEs

  • SharpDevelop for Windows.
  • MonoDevelop for Mac, Linux, and Windows.
  • Visual Studio for Mac, Windows, and Linux.
  • Unity for Ubuntu, macOS, and Windows.
  • Visual Studio Code for macOS, Linux, and Windows.
  • JetBrains Rider for macOS, Windows, and Linux OS.
  • Browxy, a free online IDE.

6) Python

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What is Python?

Python is yet another common purpose high-level, object-oriented, and interpreted programming language. It has a dynamic semantics.

What is Python used for?

Python is used for mobile application development, machine learning, and web development. It is also used to create video games, operating systems, and AI.

How much time does it take to learn Python?

After starting from the basics, on average, you need to spend 4-5 hours daily to get yourself familiar with the necessary syntax of Python.

Python Programmer Salary

Different reliable reports say that a Python developer's average salary ranges between $92k to $123k annually.

Python IDEs

  • VIM for Windows, UNIX, and macOS.
  • PyCharm for Linux, Mac OS, and Windows.
  • Atom for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • IDLE for Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows.
  • Spyder for Ubuntu, Linux, macOS, and Windows.
  • Visual Studio Code for Linux, Windows 7, and OS X Yosemite.
  • Thonny for Mac OS X, Windows, and Linux.
  • Sublime Text 3 for Linux, Mac, or Windows.
  • Programiz Online Compiler.

7) R

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What is R?

R is an open-source software environment. It is a programming language for statistical graphics and computing. It is backed by the support of the R Foundation based on Statistical Computing.

What is R for?

R is used for data analysis and developing statistical software by the data miners and statisticians. Its application includes studying scholarly literature databases, data mining surveys, and Polls.

How long will it take to learn R?

You can quickly learn the R language within one to four weeks, depending on your knowledge, before engaging in it.

R Programmer Salary

According to the latest figures, an R programmer can earn about $90k annually on an average basis.

R IDEs

  • R Commander for macOS and Windows.
  • Sublime Text + R-Box for Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows.
  • Emacs + ESS for MS Windows, Mac OS X, Unix, and Linux.
  • RStudio for Windows and macOS.
  • Revolution R Enterprise for Linux and Windows.
  • StatET for almost all platforms.
  • RKWard for GNU/Linux, Windows, and macOS.
  • Vim for macOS, Windows, and Linux.

8) JavaScript (+ TypeScript)

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What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a just-in-time compiled, interpreted, and lightweight programming language having first-class functions. It is considered in both web-based and non-web-based environments.

What is JavaScript used for?

JavaScript is used for developing mobile and web apps, games, server applications, and web servers. It is commonly used to make wen pages behave interactively with their visitors.

How much time will it take to learn JavaScript?

The prior learning will take about half to a full year of practice. If you want to get advanced understanding and mastering skills, it will take years.

JavaScript Programmer Salary

In the US, a JavaScript developer's average annual salary ranges from $75 for basic and $107 after much experience.

JavaScript IDEs

  • Atom IDE for Linux, Windows, and macOS.
  • Komodo Edit for Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
  • Brackets for Linux, Windows, and macOS.
  • Visual Studio Code for Windows, Linux, and macOS.
  • WebStorm for Linux, macOS, and Windows.

9) Dart

What is Dart?

Dart is also known as Flutter! It is developed by Google as a client-optimized programming language to create apps for multiple platforms. It uses C-style syntax and is a garbage-collected, class-based, and object-oriented language.

What is Dart used for?

Dart is used for developing web, server, desktop, and mobile applications.

How long does it take to learn Dart?

It needs a minimum of two to three weeks to completely familiar with the Dart programming language ecosystem.

Dart Programmer Salary

A Dart programmer can make anywhere in between 160k to 650k per year on an average basis.

Dart IDEs

  • IntelliJ for Linux, macOS, and MS Windows.
  • Android Studio for Windows, Linux, and macOS.

10) Swift

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What is Swift?

Swift is a commonly used programming language developed by Apple Inc. to apply a modern approach to software design with enhancing performance and safety.

What is Swift used for?

Swift is used for many software projects! It includes developing desktop apps, mobile apps, cloud services, and systems programming.

How long does it take to learn Swift?

You need to daily give your 3-4 hours for about 3-4 weeks continuously to learn programming the codes using the Swift language.

Swift Programmer Salary

The annual mean of the salary of a general developer is $93k. Also, for an iOS developer, it is $127k.

  • Swift IDEs.
  • Xcode for macOS.
  • AppCode for macOS/iOS.
  • VS Code for Linux, Windows, and OS X Yosemite.
  • CodeRunner for Mac, Windows, and Linux.
  • Atom for Linux, macOS, and Windows.

Summary

Now you know the basics and facts about all the trending programming languages currently in use in the field of software industry! You can not only say one is best than others since each of them serve their purpose and meet different requirements!

It all varies as per your interest in which one do you find more interesting to spend your hours every day playing with its set of rules. After all, it is a necessary thing to program an algorithm.

The best part about computer programming is you only need to sit in one place and make money by working on professional projects. It plays a vital role in the current Pandemic Situation!